Mesothelioma is a cancer that affects the mesothelium cell, a membrane that lines the lungs, but also the heart and abdominal organs, male testicles and uterus, in women.
There are different types of mesothelioma, the most common being pleural mesothelioma, which occurs in the lung pleura, and peritoneal mesothelioma, which affects the peritoneum. The peritoneum serves as protection to the abdominal organs. Pericardial mesothelioma, on the other hand, originates in the pericardium, testicular mesothelioma originates in the mesothelium of the testes, and perimeter mesothelioma, which occurs in the uterine serous tonaca.
In 80% of mesothelioma cases, the primary cause is exposure to potentially harmful substances, such as asbestos or asbestos. Unfortunately, cases of mesothelioma, in people who work exposed to asbestos, are high. About 9 out of 10 people suffering from mesothelioma have had direct contact with asbestos during their lives. The effects can appear even after several years, in some cases 20 or even 50.
The symptoms of mesothelioma depend on the location of the tumor, whether it is related to the lungs or the heart. To get an accurate diagnosis, and understand where the tumor mass is located, a biopsy is required.
Symptoms of pleural mesothelioma are pain in the chest and lower back, difficulty breathing, chronic coughing, in some cases even with the presence of blood, pleural effusion and then other symptoms common to several cancerous conditions, such as fever and chronic sweating, muscle fatigue and weight loss for no reason. Among the symptoms of pleural mesothelioma there is also pleurisy, which is an inflammation of the pleura, creating a sharp pain in the chest.
Symptoms of peritoneal mesothelioma are non-specific and include: weight loss, cachexia, abdominal bloating and pain due to ascites (accumulation of fluid containing protein in the abdominal cavity), intestinal obstruction, blood clotting abnormalities, anemia, fever, feeling of nausea and vomiting, loss of appetite and weight loss. In some cases, an abdominal mass, which can also be felt by touch, may also be present.
If the tumor extends beyond the mesothelium to other organs, the symptoms depend on the level of involvement of the compromised organ.
In any case, however, these symptoms relate down to an advanced stage of the tumor. In fact, at the beginning, mesothelioma is totally asymptomatic. For this reason it is particularly difficult to make an early diagnosis.
You may also like
What is atopic dermatitis and which treatments are most suitable
Atopic dermatitis, also known as endogenous eczema, is a benign disease with a multifactorial aetiology, which, together with asthma and allergic rhinitis, is one of the atopic diseases, i.e. diseases related to the tendency of certain (atopic) individuals to manifest amplified immune responses to small amounts of allergens. We distinguish two forms of atopic dermatitis… Continue reading What is atopic dermatitis and which treatments are most suitable
Atopic dermatitis: what it is and its symptoms
The aetiopathogenesis of atopic dermatitis The exact aetiopathogenesis of atopic dermatitis is not known, but certainly involves genetic and environmental factors. Atopic dermatitis is often associated with elevated serum levels of total IgE, the immunoglobulins that are formed following an allergic and immunological reaction, and the presence of specific IgE directed towards aeroallergens or food… Continue reading Atopic dermatitis: what it is and its symptoms
Erectile dysfunction: what it is and which remedies are most effective
What is erectile dysfunction? First of all, in defining erectile dysfunction, it must be made clear that we are not talking about a disease, but often it can be a symptom revealing the presence of a physical pathology, such as an alteration in the cardiovascular system, an endocrine-metabolic problem, a neurological disease or even diabetes.… Continue reading Erectile dysfunction: what it is and which remedies are most effective
Erectile dysfunction: what it is and what are its symptoms
Erectile dysfunction is a more common disorder than one might think, and it is easy to see how it can put men who suffer from it in check. However, it is not easy to understand what solution can help achieve significant improvements, also in light of the fact that the causes can be of a… Continue reading Erectile dysfunction: what it is and what are its symptoms